1. The immigration court system is in dire need of change. What is the immigration court system exactly?
It is the entity in which immigration judges primarily conduct removal proceedings and decide asylum claims for immigrants. The immigration courts are civil – not criminal – courts operated under the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), which is under the Attorney General. EOIR comprises 58 courts throughout the U.S. and the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), an appellate body.
2. The nation’s immigration court backlog stands at an overwhelming 1.3 million pending cases waiting for hearings, and some immigrants have waited up to five years for a court hearing